45 Days To Read The Gospel Challenge – The Gospel of Matthew Chapter 20: Many are Called But Few are Chosen Matthew 20:16 KJV
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The Gospel consists of the four books in the New Testament that gives the teachings of Jesus Christ, written by John, Luke, Mark, and Matthew. You may start the FREE “45 Day Challenge” at any time by going to the ePrayer Circle’s homepage and selecting the menu item “45 Day Challenge”. Please share and feel free to print and use these lessons in your bible study groups.
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Overview of the Gospel of Matthew
Matthew’s name means “Gift of the Lord”, a tax collector who left everything to follow Jesus Christ as an apostle (disciple). His former name was Levi, the tax collector. Matthew wrote the Gospel of Matthew. He wrote it for people who converted from Judaism. This Gospel demonstrates that Jesus Christ is the King and Messiah of Israel. His works support that Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of all of the old testament prophecies of the coming of the Messiah.
“This book describes Jesus’s genealogy, his miraculous birth and childhood, his baptism and temptation, his ministry of healing and preaching, and finally his crucifixion and resurrection. The resurrected Jesus commissions his Apostles to “go and make disciples of all nations.” Source: Retrieved from the internet on 11/16/2021 from The New World Encyclopedia. https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Gospel_of_Matthew
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45 Days To Read The Gospel Challenge – The Gospel of Matthew Chapter 20: Many are Called but Few are Chosen
OVERVIEW OF THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW CHAPTER TWENTY
The parable of the laborers and the vineyard. The last shall be first, and the first last: for many are called, but few chosen. There was a man who hired laborers to work in his vineyard for a penny a day. They agreed to the labor and pay. Many hours later, there were laborers hanging around that no one hired. The man of the vineyard hired them because he had a generous heart and knew they needed money.
At the end of the day, he told his head worker to pay the ones recently hired first, then pay the others last. Each laborer received the same pay regardless of time worked. The ones who worked 11 hours complained. The employer said it was his money and field and they agreed to their payment. It was his right to pay the others the same pay as he was only being generous. Jesus explained as it will be in heaven, the last will be first and the first will be last.
Notes: In heaven, everyone is treated the same, regardless of how long they were saved. The thief hanging on the cross beside Jesus asked to enter heaven and to be forgiven. Jesus granted his wish. That thief will be received of heaven as someone who had believed their whole life. John the Baptist was the greatest prophet born of a woman and yet Jesus said the least in heaven was greater than he.
You will learn that Jesus knew how he would be treated when telling of his predestined death. Matthew 20:18-19 KJV 18Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the Scribes, and they shall sentence him to death, 19And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, scourge, and crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again.
Believers are not equal to Jesus. Many religions teach that believers are equal to Jesus because he calls us friends. This parable of Zebedee’s approached Jesus for her sons, James and Johns who were Jesus disciples. She asked if they could sit on his right and left side in heaven. Jesus said they may drink his cup of suffering and be baptized but those seats are reserved by his father for those they are prepared.
Note: Jesus is God but on earth, he is the Son of God in the flesh. In heaven. After his death, he ascends to his higher self and is with God, and is God as Jesus is the Word that became flesh. John 1: 10-12 10He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. 11He came unto his own, and his own received him not. 12But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe in his name: John the Baptist made it clear that Jesus was higher than he. John 1:27 KJV “He is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe’s latchet I am not worthy to unloose.”
Jesus exhorts humility from the disciples in order that they may serve others. Jesus explains to his disciples that princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over their people. Those that are great exercise authority over the princes. However, the disciples will govern differently and exhort humility in leadership. The greatest among them will minister. The chief among them will serve them. Matthew 20: 28 28Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
Note: There is a famous book people refer to that teaches people, especially business people “How to Win Friends and Influence People” by Dale Carnegie. It teaches them to ask people, “What can I do for you? or What do you want?” The book is based on the character trait of humility in serving others. Jesus invented the concept as he is Grace and Truth and taught humility and service. It works in all areas of life.
Jesus healed two blind men because they asked. They knew he could do it as they called for his attention. The multitude tried to make them be quiet and go away but they were persistent in calling Jesus to have mercy on them. Jesus approached them and granted their request. Matthew 20:34 KJV 34So Jesus had compassion on them, and touched their eyes: and immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed him.
Note: Jesus asked the blind men, What can I do for you? Again, he is of great power with humility and a service attitude. The blind men were persistent in their request for healing. Luke 18:1 “And he spake a parable unto them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;”
TIME: 45 MINUTES TO COMPLETE LESSON: 30 MINUTES TO READ THE ENTIRE POST AND TAKE THE INTERACTIVE QUIZ, ADDITIONAL 15 MINUTES TO READ THE BIBLE CHAPTER.
Objectives for Chapter 20 -The Gospel of Matthew. What you will learn:
1. You will learn why the last shall be first, and the first last: for many are called, but few chosen.
2. You will learn that Jesus knew how he would be treated when telling of his predestined death.
3. You will learn that believers are not equal to Jesus.
4. You will learn that Jesus exhorts humility from the disciples in order for them to serve others.
5. You will learn that upon request Jesus heals. He answers persistence.
Outline for Chapter 20 of the Gospel of Matthew
1. The parable of the laborers in the vineyard.
2. Jesus again foretells his own death and resurrection.
3. The request of the mother of Zebedee’schildren.
4. Jesus exhorts humility.
5. Jesus gives sight to two blind men.
Reflection and Discussion: Something to think about.
Reflecting, what do you do on a regular basis to serve others, even if it is a relative or household member?
Resources For This Lesson
See “Chapter 20 Highlights” below for scriptures and help with the quiz. If needed, refresh the screen to retake the quiz.
Highlights Objectives for Chapter 20 -The Gospel of Matthew. What you will learn:
1. You will learn why the last shall be first, and the first last: for many are called, but few chosen. Matthew 20: 1-15 KJV
1For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is a householder, which went out early in the morning to hire laborers into his vineyard. 2And when he had agreed with the laborers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard. 3And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,
4And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way. 5Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour and did likewise. 6And about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle? 7They say unto him Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.
8So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the laborers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first. 9And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny. 10But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny.
11And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house, 12Saying, These last have wrought but one hour and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day. 13But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: did, not thou agree with me for a penny?
14Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee. 15Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good? 16So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
2. You will learn that Jesus knew how he would be treated when telling of his predestined death. Matthew 20: 17-19 KJV
17And Jesus going up to Jerusalem took the twelve disciples apart in the way, and said unto them, 18Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death, 19And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again.
3. You will learn that believers are not equal to Jesus. Matthew 20: 20-23 KJV
20Then came to him the mother of Zebedee’s children with her sons, worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of him. 21And he said unto her, What wilt thou? She saith unto him, Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left, in thy kingdom. 22But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him, We are able. 23And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father.
4. You will learn that Jesus exhorts humility from the disciples in that they are to serve others. Matthew 20: 24-27 KJV
24And when the ten heard it, they were moved with indignation against the two brethren. 25But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them. 26But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister; 27And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant: 28Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
5. You will learn that upon request Jesus heals two blind men. Matthew 20: 29-34 KJV
29And as they departed from Jericho, a great multitude followed him. 30And, behold, two blind men, sitting by the wayside, when they heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David. 31And the multitude rebuked them because they should hold their peace: but they cried the more, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David. 32And Jesus stood still, and called them, and said, What will ye that I shall do unto you? 33They say unto him, Lord, that our eyes may be opened. 34So Jesus had compassion on them, and touched their eyes: and immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed him.
#1. True or False? The parable of the laborers in the vineyard is a parable of how Jesus explains heaven. Believers are given the same benefits of heaven regardless of length of time they were saved
#2. True or False? Jesus foretells his death. Matthew 20: 18-19 KJV 18Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death, 19And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again.
#3. Zebedee the mother of John and James (disciples of Jesus) asked if her sons could sit on Jesus's left and right hand in the Kingdom, in front of the other disciples. How did Jesus answer?
#4. Jesus exhorts humility from the disciples in that they are to serve others. Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. What did he tell the disciples how they were to lead? Chose BEST answer
#5. Two blind men said, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David. The multitude tried to quiet them. What character trait did the blind men display to get Jesus's attention?
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Call to salvation:
John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.”
Romans 10:9-10 9That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. 10For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness, and with the mouth, confession is made unto salvation.
John 3:5-6 5Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. 6That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is the Spirit.