45 Day Read The Gospel Challenge

45 Days To Read The Gospel Challenge – The Gospel of Mark Chapter12: The Greatest Commandments

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How to Get the Most Out of The Challenge

The Gospel consists of the four books in the New Testament that gives the teachings of Jesus Christ, written by John, Luke, Mark, and Matthew.  You may start the FREE “45 Day Challenge” at any time by going to the ePrayer Circle’s homepage and selecting the menu item “45 Day Challenge”.   Please share and feel free to print and use these lessons in your bible study groups. 

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Overview of the Gospel of Mark

Mark “Mark John” is also known as “John” in the Book of Acts.  He is not John the Baptist.  Peter (disciple)  was a mentor to Mark.  Mark did not walk with Jesus but ministered under Peter.  Peter called Mark, his son.  Mark’s work was written in Italy around A.D. 50-70 before the Book of Acts.  Mark’s work is referred to as the “Memoirs of Peter” because he was very close to the disciple Peter and listen to everything Peter said.   The Gospel of Luke borrowed a lot of Mark’s notes. 

The Gospel of Mark focuses on the miracles that Jesus performed while spreading his ministry in Galilee.  Mark’s Gospel emphasizes Jesus Christ’s human nature, emotions, and limitations. *Note: This side of Jesus demonstrates that there aren’t any human conditions that he is not aware of and therefore his believers can know that he understands our problems and situations. 

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Instructions:  Read this post in its entirety. 
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Read the Word in the parking lot while waiting on others.

Read the Word in the morning with coffee and at night for easy rest at bedtime.

Read the Word when you walk for exercise.

Send the Word to your social media platforms.

Text the Word to people to encourage them in the Lord:  children, friends, spouses, acquaintances, or neighbors.

 

 

45 Days To Read The Gospel Challenge – The Gospel of Mark Chapter Twelve: The Greatest Commandments
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OVERVIEW OF  THE GOSPEL OF MARK CHAPTER TWELVE

Jesus told a parable about a vineyard. A man bought the vineyard and gave it to the husbandmen to attend to and pay him out of proceeds from the grape vineyard. However, the men became greedy and did not want to honor the agreement.  They beat the owner and servants who came to collect and finally, killed the owner’s only son. The owner gave the vineyard to others. 

Note:  The husbandmen over the vineyards were symbolic for the chief priests and elders, and the son that was killed represented Jesus in this parable.  The Cornerstone is the stone that will anchor a building.  Back then, when building a building, great effort was spent looking for that stone that would anchor the building, other stones were rejected.  Jesus represents the “chief cornerstone”.   The stone which the builders did not reject becomes the stone that holds everything up.  

Pharisees and the Herodians wanted to trap Jesus with his own words and asked Jesus to tell them the true God way.  Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not? 15Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see it16And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto him, Caesar’s. 17And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s. And they marveled at him.

Even in the resurrection “rise of the dead,”  God is God of the living, not the dead”.  There were seven brothers that had passed a wife to the next after death. They asked Jesus in the resurrection when the dead rise, whose wife will she be?  Jesus explained there is no marriage in heaven.  24And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not, therefore, err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God?   25For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven.

Note: Jesus states God is God of Abraham, Jacob, and Abraham.  Noting the old prophets are still alive even though they are no longer in the world because God is a God of the living-eternal life. There is no death with God. 

Greatest commandments that all the laws of the prophets hang:   The Lord our God is one Lord: 30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment. 31And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. There is none other commandments greater than these. 32And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he: 33And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbor as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.

Jesus was called by David – Son of David (human)  and Lord.  Note: Mary (Jesus’ Mother) and Joseph (Mary’s husband) both came from the line of King David.  The people knew David spoke inspired by the Holy Ghost.  How could he call Jesus his Son and Lord? The people wanted to know which was he?  They did not understand the supernatural. The people accepted Jesus because of King David.

The evil works of the scribes in their hypocrisy.  Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces, 39And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts: 40Which devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.

A poor woman gave in the church her last two coins. Others gave out of their abundance and Jesus said she gave the most because she gave all she had.  

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TIME: 45 MINUTES TO COMPLETE LESSON: 30 MINUTES TO READ THE ENTIRE POST AND TAKE THE INTERACTIVE QUIZ, ADDITIONAL 15 MINUTES TO READ THE BIBLE CHAPTER.

 

Objectives for  Chapter Twelve-What you will learn:

1.  You will learn who is the “Chief Cornerstone” and what is a cornerstone.

2.  You will learn how believers are to regard the government.

3.  You will learn that even in the resurrection “rise of the dead,”  God is God of the living, not the dead”.

4.  You will learn the two great commandments that all the laws of the prophets hang.

5.  You will learn why  Jesus was called by David – Son of David (human)  and Lord.

6.  You will learn the evil works of the scribes in their hypocrisy.

7.  You will learn how Jesus regards a poor woman whose faith enables her to give her last. 

 

Outline for Chapter Twelve of the Gospel of  Mark

1.  The parable of the wicked husbandmen.

2.  The Pharisees asked Jesus if they should give tribute to Cesar. 

3.  Sadducees concerning the resurrection. 

4.  Jesus establishes the two great commandments.

5.  Christ the son of David

6.  The evil example of the scribes to be avoided

7.  The widow’s two mites.

 

 

Reflection and Discussion: Something to think about.

Can you think of a time someone went out of their way to help you, even if it was a younger person, relative, spouse, friend, or stranger?   When was the last time you inconvenience yourself to help or console someone else?  Write in your journal.

 

Resources For This Lesson

Click here for the King James Bible version in the text (pdf), mobile viewing on the web (KJV), YouTube audio, and video version 9 minutes

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See “Chapter Twelve  Highlights” below for scriptures and help with the quiz. If needed, refresh the screen to retake the quiz.

Highlights

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The “Chief Cornerstone” and what is a cornerstone?

1And he began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set a hedge about it, and dug a place for the wine fat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country. 2And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard. 3And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty. 4And again he sent unto them another servant, and at him, they cast stones, and wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled. 5And again he sent another, and him they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some. 6Having yet, therefore, one son, his well-beloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son.

 7But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours. 8And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard. 9What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen and will give the vineyard unto others. 10And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner: 11This was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes? 12And they sought to lay hold on him but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way.

Note:  The husbandmen over the vineyards were symbolic for the chief priests and elders, and the son that was killed represented Jesus in this parable.  The Cornerstone is the stone that will anchor a building.  Back then, when building a building, great effort was spent looking for that stone that would anchor the building, other stones were rejected.  Jesus represents the “chief cornerstone”.   The stone which the builders rejected becomes the stone that holds everything up.  

How are believers to regard the government?

13And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in his words. 14And when they came, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not? 15Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see it16And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto him, Caesar’s. 17And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s. And they marveled at him.

 

In the resurrection “rise of the dead”  God is God of the living, not the dead”.

18Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying, 19Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man’s brother dies, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. 20Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed. 21And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: and the third likewise. 22And the seven had her, and left no seed: last of all the woman died also. 23In the resurrection, therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife. 24And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not, therefore, err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God?

 25For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven. 26And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? 27He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye, therefore, do greatly err. 

 

The greatest commandments that all the laws of the prophets hang.

 28And one of the scribes came and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all? 29And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: 30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment. 31And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. There is none other commandments greater than these. 32And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he:

 33And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbor as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices. 34And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst asks him any question

 

 Jesus was called by David – Son of David (human)  and Lord.

Note: Mary (Jesus’ Mother) and Joseph (Mary’s husband) both came from the line of King David.  The people knew David spoke inspired by the Holy Ghost.  How could he call him son and Lord? The people wanted to know which was he?  They did not understand the supernatural. The people accepted Jesus because of King David.

35And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of David? 36For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool. 37David, therefore, himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son? And the common people heard him gladly. 

 

The evil works of the scribes in their hypocrisy.

38And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces, 39And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts: 40Which devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.

 

Jesus regards a poor woman whose faith enables her to give her last. 

41And Jesus sat over against the treasury and beheld how the people cast money into the treasury: and many that were rich cast in much. 42And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing. 43And he called unto him his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury: 44For all they did cast in of their abundance; but she of her want did cast in all that she had, even all her living.

 

 

Interactive Quiz.
Quiz

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#1. Many stones are rejected in order to find the perfect stone that is the chief cornerstone. The rock that anchors a building. In the first parable, who is the "Chief Cornerstone."

#2. How are believers to regard the government?

#3. What is meant by "God is God of the living, not the dead"?

#4. What are the two great commandments that all the laws of the prophets hang?

#5. Jesus was called by David - Son of David (human)  and Lord, Why?

#6. What were the evil works of the scribes?

#7. How did Jesus observe a poor woman who gave two mites, which make a farthing in the treasury?

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CALL TO SALVATION:

John 3:16  “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

Romans 10:9-10  9That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. 10For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness, and with the mouth, confession is made unto salvation. 

John 3:5-6  5Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. 6That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is the Spirit.

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